Western Ghats constitute a narrow but long range of hills
running from north to south along the western coast of India.
The hills separate the narrow strip of the western coastal plains,
one of the most industrialised regions in the country today,
from the less developed and drier plateaus of the Deccan. The
ghat (hilly) region is ecologically rich but economically poor.
It gives rise to some of the major rivers of peninsular India.
The Western Ghats extend from Gujarat to Kerala, traversing
the states of Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka. In Gujarat,
they cover the tribal district of Dangs and a small area of
Surat and Valsad. In Maharashtra, the western slopes of the
Western Ghats sit astride the districts of Thane, Kulaba and
Ratnagiri, while the eastern slopes extend into the districts
of Dhule, Nashik, Ahmadnagar, Pune, Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur.
In Karnataka, the western slopes extend into the districts
of Uttar and Dakshina Kanara while the eastern slopes touch
Belgaum, Shimoga, Chikmagalur, Hassan and Kodagu. Almost all
the districts of Kerala lie on the western slopes of the Western
Ghats, namely, the districts of Cannanore, Kozhikode, Mallapuram,
Trichur, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Quilon and Thiruvananthapuram.
The districts of Wynad and Idukki lie almost entirely within
the ghats, and the district of Palghat lies within a gap in
the Western Ghats. The ghats end as low hills in the Kanyakumari
district of Tamil Nadu, situated at the southern tip of India.
The eastern flanks of the Western Ghats extend into Tirunelveli,
Ramanathpuram and Madurai districts of Tamil Nadu.
Find more about
Techniques prevalent in this region
who harvest rain