Water 1 Any land anywhere can be used to harvest rainwater
The fundamental reason: extend the fruits of the monsoon
The basic principle: Catch water where it falls
Water 2 Water Harvesting   watertop_06.jpg (1999 bytes)
spacer.gif (61 bytes)
spacer.gif (61 bytes)
spacer.gif (61 bytes)


Indigenous systems

blackline2.gif (72 bytes)


Contemporary systems

blackline2.gif (72 bytes)



blackline2.gif (72 bytes)
spacer.gif (61 bytes)
spacer.gif (61 bytes)
spacer.gif (61 bytes)
spacer.gif (61 bytes)


Rashtrapati Bhavan

Case Background

krnarajpg.jpg (4525 bytes)In November 1998, the then-President of India, K R Narayanan invited CSE to suggest measures to harvest water at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. An advisory committee was set up by CSE, which developed a plan for water harvesting at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The implementation of the scheme is being undertaken by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) and Central Ground Water Board (CGWB).

The Presidential Estate covers an area of 133 hectares (1.33 sq. km.). The water requirements of the presidential estate are huge since there are about 7,000 people residing in the estate. Approximately 3,000 people visit the presidential premises everyday.The Mughal Gardens in the estate require a lot of water. The total demand is about 2 million litres of water per day (730 million litres per year). This demand is met rbhavan.jpg (6847 bytes)through the New Delhi Municipal Corporation supply and the estate’s own borewells.

Since about 35 per cent of the water requirements are being met through groundwater sources, there had been an alarming decline of groundwater levels in the estate. Levels have gone down by 2 to 7 m in the past decade, with one well running dry.

Measures taken for water harvesting

The rainwater endowment of the area is 811 millions litres annually. Estimated cost of installing the system is Rs. 20 lakh (work on some components of the system was still underway in May 2000). Following measure have been planned for the estate (see figure 4.2.1 on p22):

a. Rainwater storage tank

rbhavan_plan.gif (8802 bytes)Rainwater from the northern side of roof and paved areas surrounding Rashtrapati Bhavan is diverted to an underground storage tank of 1 lakh litre capacity for low quality use.

b. Well recharging

Overflow from the 1 lakh litre capacity rainwater storage tank mentioned above is diverted to two dugwells for recharging. Rainwater from the southern side of the roof is diverted for recharging a dry open well. Rainfall runoff from the staff residential area is also diverted to the dry well. Water passing into the recharge well is passed through a desilting tank to remove pollutants. The 9 lakh litre capacity swimming pool in the estate is planned to be connected to the dry dugwell, so that during periodic emptying of the pool, water can be used for recharging instead of being drained away.

c. Recharge shaft

15 m deep recharge shafts will be constructed in the staff residential area. Rainwater available from rooftops, roads and parks will be used for recharging.

d. Johad

A johad is a crescent-shaped bund which is built across a sloping catchment to capture the surface runoff. Water accumulating in the johad percolates in the soil to augment the groundwater. Johads have traditionally been used in Rajasthan for harvesting water. A johad is planned to be constructed near the Mughal Gardens.

grayline.gif (80 bytes)

logo_trans.gif (1965 bytes)

Campaign Home

Copyright CSE  Centre for Science and Environment