A class for the governors
Hope for Bhopal


What...err policy
A step towards a wetter tomorrow


Diamonds are forever
An oasis in the making
Small does matter


Water harvesting at Kinetic Engineering
Zero runoff technology
Preachers become practitioners



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Vol. 2                                    No. 4                         August 2000

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Water harvesting at kinetic engineering

Water requirements is one of the key issues faced by most industries. One industrial group has taken the initiative in water management through water harvesting and recycling is the Kinetic group at Koregaon Bhima in Pune district of Maharashtra.

Rainwater is collected from the rooftops of the factory buildings and recharged into two service dugwells. The rainwater thus recoups the groundwater level, instead of draining out through the stormwater drains. Water collected from these rooftops of 10,000 sq m amounts to approximately 30,000 litres per day. The total daily water requirement of the plant is 45,000 litres. Since water available from these wells is intrinsically hard, it is processed in the water softening plant before use. Groundwater recharging with rainwater is expected to reduce the hardness of the groundwater to at least some extent over a period of 4-5 years.

Apart from water harvesting, the company is also trying its hand at water recycling. All the non-industrial and industrial wastewater is collected in a septic tank from where it is taken to the effluent treatment plant (ETP) for treatment. Treated water is being used for drip irrigation and sprinkler system in the lawns and gardens and for watering teak plantations. Further, measures are being aimed at using water in toilets.

Another step taken in conservation of water is the laying of water lines above ground level. This ensures the immediate detection of leakage. Moreover corrosion of galvanized iron(GI) and mild steel (MS) water pipes is reduced drastically.

The various measures adopted for water harvesting fulfills a large percentage of the water requirement of the factory. However some added measures for the future, such as treatment of wellwater and effluent water, will ensure that the entire water requirement of the factory is met by harvested and recycled water alone.

For further information:
A V Chitale, Kinetic Engineering Ltd,
D1 Block, Plot No 18/2 MIDC,
Chichwad, Pune
Tel: 774301


Preachers become practitioners

Rearing and Nursery pond

Inspired by the concept of rainwater harvesting ‘Catch water where it falls’ of the Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi, Ram Malu, developed a system for his institute to meet its regular water requirements. He is reader and head, department of zoology of R A College, Washim in Maharashtra.

R A College, Washim is one of the oldest educational institutions in the Vidarbha region in Maharashtra. Postgraduate department of zoology in this institute is conducting a UGC-sponsored vocational course on industrial fish and fisheries. For their academic requirements they have three fish tanks in the their premises: a nursery pond (9m x 5m x 1.5 m), a rearing pond (18m x 9m x 2m) and a plankton culture tank (5m x 3m x 1m), to conduct aquaculture experiments.

Due to depleting groundwater resources in this region, the institute found it difficult to fill their tanks regularly. Many of the borewells in this region are totally dry and the college has only one borewell to meet its water requirements. The institute had spent Rs. 15,000 for filling the above said tanks in January 1998 when these tanks were first constructed. In spite of the fact that this district has 1,000 mm of rainfall for a period of four months from 15th of June to 15th of October, there is an existing water crisis. In order to overcome the problem Dr Ram Malu installed water harvesting mechanism to cope with their requirements.

Installing the rooftop water harvesting launched the initiative in the university. The rooftop water harvesting system for aquaculture tanks includes the roof top surface of the department (area 549 sq m, four PVC pipelines and three concrete-lined fish tanks, and a system to divert the excess water to drainage system. Water from the roof top surface of zoology department and research laboratory (surface area of 294 sq m and 255 sq m respectively) is directed towards the PVC pipe lines by maintaining the surface slope. The harvested water is carried to three fish tanks through PVC pipes. The water holding capacity of nursery tank, rearing tank and plankton culture tank is 67.5 cubic meters (cum) 3,288 cum and 15 cum respectively. Thus the quantity of harvested water is more than 3.70 lakh litres.

The cost of complete installation was only Rs 3,500. This resulted into a net saving of more than Rs 15,000 per year. Further, net profit of Rs 5,000 could be earned from sale of food and the ornamental fishes reared in these tanks. This is thus economically viable.

This experiment of water harvesting conclusively proved the soundness of the concept ’Catch water where it falls’. The quality of the harvested water is suitable for aquaculture.

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Rooftop water harvesting system

Salient features of the system:
The water harvested has a special advantage with respect to aquaculture as it is free from pollution, predatory animals and aquatic weeds:

  • Cost of water harvesting system including cost of material is only Rs 3,500, which is less than refilling the tanks using groundwater;
  • No additional construction is required;
  • Special equipment and trained personnel are not required to operate the system, and,
  • Innumerable educational institutions can undertake such steps to meet their water demands for aquaculture experiments, college garden and tree plantation.

For further information:
Dr Ram Malu
Rajasthan A Arts, Mithulalji Kacholiya,
Commerce and Satyanarayan R Rathi
Science Mahavidyalaya,
Washim District, Maharashtra